If it depends on Anatel’s technical field, the equipment’s Huawei They should not be banned in Brazil. The 5G auction proposal passed to the agency’s board does not have any restrictions on the Chinese supplier and clearly indicates coverage and interference targets in protected access. crystal.
The information in the 5G announcement is obtained by Leaf, which states that there are no restrictions on Huawei or any other company in the draft. The automaker stated that Anatel knew that a possible ban on the Chinese carrier would delay the schedule stated in the announcement, as telecom companies would have to replace existing 3G and 4G equipment. have to deploy fifth generation.
The draft has been forwarded to the process reporter, Carlos Baigorri. The text still needs to be reviewed by the agency’s board and is subject to change. If it doesn’t (again) be delayed, a 5G auction will take place in the end of the first half of 2020.
An announcement without a ban could offend President Jair Bolsonaro’s team: some members, such as Carlos Bolsonaro and General Augusto Heleno, have openly expressed their support for the “Clean Network, ”alleged (no evidence) Huawei and the government of China Spy.
50% of towers installed in Brazil use Huawei solutions, according to a survey of mobile operators published by Remote synthesis. The website also pointed out that the government is preparing a draft decree banning the use of equipment from suppliers based on standard 4, which defines minimum network security requirements for 5G networks.
The operator will be required to cover the roads
One of the points mentioned in the draft is a commitment to coverage, with the date of prescribing the installation of 5G in cities and localities from the signing of the term of frequency permission until 2028.
The draft announcement predicts that the more frequencies the operator completes, the greater the obligation to participate with 4G. The highlight is the coverage requirement on Anatel-selected roads and 100% of these roads will have to use mobile service by 2028.
Anatel does not specify the satellite move to Ku Band
In addition, the announcement does not specify a solution to another deadlock: 5G interference caused by the TV open via satellite (TVRO) at 3.5 GHz. Text forecasts the ability to reduce and move satellites to the Ku band.
Minimize is a preferred solution for mobile operators, with the use of an interference filter on satellite dishes. This would result in an estimated cost of R $ 1.5 billion for phones purchased with capacity at the 3.5 GHz frequency. These companies will have to distribute equipment to those who enroll in Cadünico or other government social programs.
On the other hand, moving to the Ku band is the most expensive alternative, involving changing the positions of satellites and using new satellite receivers and dishes. The phone operators calculated the cost of R $ 7.7 billion with this solution.
A related point is Anatel’s announcement that only claims to the satellite companies installed in Brazil, in this case Claro / Embratel, Hispamar and SES. The agency’s justification is that these companies invest in the country with insurance obligations, while foreign companies are only allowed to operate because equipment has covered all of Brazil.